1. Focused Ultrasound

FUS is a biomedical technology that allows for the blood-brain barrier, which protects the brain from unwanted substances, to be opened for drug delivery. Using FUS, a noninvasive surgery will be conducted to deliver the drug to the brain.

2. Adeno-Associated Viruses (AAV)

An AAV is a small, single stranded DNA virus that targets and inserts genetic material into neurons. AAV vectors will be encoded with Designer Receptor Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADD) programmed with the genetic information for the chemogenetic receptors.

3. Chemogenetics

Within the wide branch of chemogenetics, Somna will employ Acoustically Targeted Chemogenetics (ATAC) as a noninvasive method to deliver Somna drugs to the brain.

4. Ionized Water

After the completion of the noninvasive surgery, consumers can purchase Somna's Ionized Water. Before sleeping, the user will drink the water, which contains a medication. This water will then activate the DREADDs that were inserted into the target neurons in steps 1-3, kickstarting the revolutionized sleep schedule.